Learn the history of recycling

Recycling has been a common practice for most of the mankind history, with recorded advocates as far back as Plato in 400 BC. During periods when resources were scarce, archaeological studies of ancient waste dumps show less household waste (such as ash, broken tools and pottery)-implying more waste was being recycled in the absence of new material.

In pre-industrial times, there is sign of scrap bronze and other metals being collected in Europe and melted down for perpetual reuse and this concept was quite popular. In Britain dust and ash from wood and coal fires was collected by ‘dustmen’ and down cycled as a base material used in brick making which was used for construction. The main driver for these types of recycling was the economic advantage of finding recycled feedstock instead of acquiring virgin material, as well as a lack of public waste removal in ever more densely populated areas. In 1813, Benjamin Law developed the process of turning rags into ‘shoddy’ and ‘mungo’ wool in Batley, Yorkshire. This material combined recycled fibers with virgin wool. The West Yorkshire shoddy industry in towns such as Batley and Dewsbury, lasted from the early 19th century to at least 1914.

Industrialization encouraged demand for affordable materials; aside from rags, ferrous scrap metals were coveted as they were cheaper to acquire than was virgin ore. Railroads both purchased and sold scrap metal in the 19th century, and the growing steel and automobile industries purchased scrap in the early 20th century. Many secondary goods were collected, processed, and sold by peddlers who combed dumps, city streets, and went door to door looking for discarded machinery, pots, pans, and other sources of metal. By World War I, thousands of such peddlers roamed the streets of American cities, taking benefit of market forces to recycle post-consumer materials back into industrial production.

Beverage bottles were recycled with a refundable deposit at some drink manufacturers in Great Britain and Ireland around 1800, notably Schweppes. An official recycling system with refundable deposits was established in Sweden for bottles in 1884 and aluminum beverage cans in 1982, by law, leading to a recycling rate for beverage containers of 84-99 percent depending on type, and average use of a glass bottle is over 20 refills. These details gives us an idea about the scopes of recycling.

In World War II recycling was very much highlighted. During the war, financial constraints and noteworthy material shortages due to war efforts made it necessary for countries to reuse belongings and recycle materials. These resource shortages caused by the world wars, and other such world-changing occurrences, greatly encouraged recycling. The struggles of war claimed much of the material resources available, leaving little for the civilian population. It became necessary for most homes to recycle their waste, as recycling offered an extra source of materials allowing people to make the most of what was available to them.computer recycling household materials meant more resources for war efforts and a better chance of victory. Massive government promotion campaigns were carried out in the home front during World War II in every country involved in the war, urging citizens to donate metals and conserve fiber, as a matter of patriotism.

Leon Grant has performed a series of interview with the employees of ePlanet Enterprise LLC. He has found computer recycling has helped a lot of consumers to get rid of the electronic gadgets which are no longer in use.

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